Development/ Implementation agency
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) was established as an independent administrative institution under legal provisions of 2002, to contribute to economic and social advancement in developing countries and help expedite Japan’s international cooperation.
Embassy of Japan in the Republic of Moldova
Ambassador - Masanobu Yoshii
Chișinău, 73/1 Ștefan cel Mare b., 5th floor, National Business Center
Telephone: +373 22 23 33 80
Fax: +373 22 23 33 90
Working hours: Monday - Friday, 9:00-12:30 & 13:45-18:00
Legal framework for cooperation
An agreement on Technical Cooperation between the Government of Japan and the Government of the Republic of Moldova was signed on 14 May 2008.
- Introduction of the Grant Aid for Grassroots Human Security Projects “Kusanone” (small grant aid programme for NGOs and local communities). Document was signed in January 2006.
At the moment, 37 agreements are signed (most of them are aimed at providing financial and technical assistance to the Republic of Moldova), and there are 4 bilateral agreements with Japan.
Strategic documents for programming
There is no Assistance Strategy for the Republic of Moldova. Japan examines the possibility to prepare a Country Assistance Strategy Paper for Moldova.
Priority sectors/ Areas of cooperation
The areas of cooperation of the Republic of Moldova with the Government of Japan are:
• Health - endowment with medical equipment of several municipal and rayon hospitals;
• Agriculture - 2KR grant assistance for non-farmers;
• Education - endowment of district kindergartens with Japanese equipment;
• Culture - endowment with audio equipment of "Mihai Eminescu" National Theater, "Nicolae Sulac" National Palace and the National Art Museum of Moldova, endowment of the Academy of Music and Theater with multimedia equipment;
• Economy - equipping SMEs with Japanese technique;
• Environment - general grant for environment and climate change.
Types of funds / financial instruments and assistance modalities
technical cooperation, including TA (dispatch of experts/volunteers, training of specialists in RM and in Japan and equipment supply)
The total amount of Japanese assistance to the Republic of Moldova in 1992-2010:
Grant aid: USD 72.7 million
Loan aid: USD 48.2 million
Procedures for programming, approval and implementation of projects
The projects and programmes are identified during the elaboration of the Country Programme of Cooperation (CPC). The Government of Moldova is consulted during the elaboration of the CPC and projects documents.
Special conditions for submission of project proposals and project acceptability criteria
The Embassy of Japan usually sends in June/July a request to the Government for defining priority projects concepts for each type of assistance. Project proposals are drafted by the central public administration authorities of the Republic of Moldova and are presented to the Government of Japan via the Embassy of Japan in Moldova. Proposals are drafted according to the application forms provided by the Japanese authorities.
Regarding the seminars organized in Japan, the Embassy of Japan sends a list of all seminars organized in various fields, with the request to mark certain number of seminars in which the Government is interested.
There are also individual application forms which can be obtained through the Embassy (e.g. for grass-root projects, dispatch of experts, technical assistance projects and grants). The deadline for submission of project proposals is 15th of August each year.
Definitively approved grant aid projects are initiated with the signing of an Exchange of Notes by the Government of the Republic of Moldova and the Government of Japan. Grant aid projects begin with the conclusion of contracts between the recipient government and Japanese consultants and companies.
At present, in the Republic of Moldova there are 3 technical assistance projects with the support of the Government of Japan, with a total budget of about 58.4 million Euro:
1. Effective use of solid biomass fuel (2013-2017 period, budget - EUR 9016.4 thousand, aiming reducing energy costs, developing sustainable heating systems and improving living conditions in rural communities of the Republic of Moldova).
2. The Health Services Improvement Project (2013- 2023, the EUR 49.3 Million budget, the aim of improving medical services by providing medical equipment for several hospitals in the Republic of Moldova.) The Japanese Government Assistance will be used to supply medical equipment for 5 hospitals in the Republic of Moldova (Republican Clinical Hospital, Mother and Child Health Research Institute, National Scientific-Practical Center for Emergency Medicine, Oncology Institute, Municipal Clinical Hospital "Holy Trinity") and 11 Centers for Public Health in Chisinau, Edinet, Balti, Soroca, Ungheni, Orhei, Hincesti, Causeni, Cahul, Gagauzia).
3. NATO / PfP on the Destruction of Dangerous Pesticides and Chemicals in the Republic of Moldova (2013-2017, budget EUR 45.0 thousand, the goal - enhancing environmental and public health security in the Republic of Moldova through ecologically safe management and destruction Unused and forbidden pesticide stocks in the agricultural sector).
Japanese expertise is also provided through training courses through the International Agency for International Cooperation (JICA) (currently 15 seats annually).
It is necessary to mention the introduction of the Kusanone Humanitarian Security Grant Program (a small program of financial assistance for NGOs and local communities).
The assistance by the Japanese Government is granted through the KUSANONE grant programs in the following priority areas: primary health care, education system, protection of vulnerable groups of society, ecological and natural resources, etc. We mention that currently 7 projects amounting about US $ 603 million are in the process of completion (5 medical hospitals, the renovation of a kindergarten in Balti, the endowment of the Academy of Music and Theater with multimedia equipment). In the period 2008-2016, a total of 38 projects worth US $ 3.57 million were conducted.
On March 7, 2017, was signed the Grant Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Moldova and the Government of Japan for the Implementation Project "Conservative Agriculture - Developing a Sustainable Soil Management System in the Republic of Moldova", through which the Government of Japan offers a $ 4.8 million grant to the Republic of Moldova for procurement of agricultural equipment (Government Decision No. 109 of February 28, 2017) . On the strength of the grant, Moldovan farmers will have access to modern agricultural machinery with minimal negative impact on the soil.
At the same time, it is important to note that for the development of the agri-food industry and industry in the period 2012-2015, Japan offered Moldova more than 20 million dollars as a grant for the implementation of the 2KR Food Production Project.
Potential projects and areas of interest for funding:
1. Examining the opportunity of opening a JICA office in Chisinau or possibly examining the opportunity of posting JICA representatives to the Embassy of Japan in the Republic of Moldova.
2. Project for the development and construction of the sewage treatment plant in Chisinau with Japanese technologies and equipment.
3. Enhance the quality of food safety:
A) Establishment of a plant for the burning and destruction of animal debris from processing plants and veterinary activities.
B) Modernization of the egg production at the breeding factories.
4. Prolongation of the Japanese 2KR project and application of 2KR Japanese methodology to provide the modern Japanese processing equipment (fruit dryers, cold stores and small fruit juicing machines) through the 2KR Implementation Unit.
5. Continue financing of priority projects for the Government of the Republic of Moldova, especially in agro-industrial, education and health.